At the latest with the affair in 2011, the plagiarism topic became public awareness. But what is plagiarism and how do you recognize it?
The definitions for plagiarism are inconsistent.
Several universities have made attempts to create such a definition.
The University of London, for example, is very detailed and distinguishes seven types of plagiarism:
- The full plagiarism, in which foreign texts are adopted without labeling,
- The “structural” or partial plagiarism, in which foreign ideas are adopted without labeling, the text of the original is merely reformulated.
- The idea plagiarism, whereby the ideas of a foreign text are taken over and presented as one’s own.
- The self-plagiarism in which already existing own texts are reused, without making it clear.
- The “collage”, in which different foreign texts are mixed without adequate sources.
- The translation plagiarism.
The discovery of a plagiarism, however, depends on the will and available resources of plagiarism hunters: If it is, as the baron, countless people who volunteer work, are well connected and meticulously examine each sentence, each section, plagiarized have hardly one Chance.
However, the fact that plagiarism did not attract attention during the examination by the professors throws a bad light on the conditions at the universities, which seem to make plagiarists easy.
Nevertheless, the Internet offers both sides – the plagiarists as well as the people who want to participate in tracking – new opportunities: While former dissertations sometimes led a shadowy existence in the library archives, many of today’s works can be found online and so, according to all criteria of plagiarism research, to be scrutinized